عنوان مقاله [English]
With the rise of Qajar dynasty, the ruling dynasty of Iran from 1794 to 1925, and following the global developments occurred during this period, we witness the formation of relations between Iran and its neighbors, particularly the Russian Empire. Due to the expansionist policy of the Russians from the early years of the Qajar sovereignty over Iran, long wars were fought between the two countries. During the course of these Russo-Iranian wars and their strained relations, peace negotiations were conducted at times and lavish and valuable presents were exchanged between the two sides; these presents which were intended as peace offerings were mostly prized jewelry items, among which are a unique diamond, known as the Shah Diamond, brought to Tsar Nicholas I in 1829 by Khusro Mirzā, the grandson of Fatḥ ʿAlī Shāh and the head of his mission to Saint Petersburg, as compensation for the murder of Alexander Griboyedov in Tehran and the Jiqqa Jawāhir Nishān (a bejeweled brooch in the shape of a paisley and decorated with gemstones), given to Khusro Mirzā by the Russian Tsar.
The reduction of the tensions in the relations between the two countries led to the decreased value and number of the exchanged jewelry items and from the middle to the end of Qajar period, the two sides exchanged only badges of honors.
This article, which is based on historical documents and library resources, aims to study the role of the Imperial Crown Jewels in the historic relations between Iran and Russia during the Qajar period; the collected data in this research has been classified and analyzed and the conclusions has been derived from them.