عنوان مقاله [English]
Layla b. Nu‘mān was one of the great Alawite commanders of Tabaristan who was able to conquer the second main pillar of the Samanid rule simultaneous to the rebellions, at the early period of the rule of Amir Nasr b. Ahmad Sāmānī (301-331 AH) of Neishabur and mint coins in his own name. The Iranian commanders' inscriptions on the coins in the early Islamic centuries, in addition to the name of the coin owner and the ruling family, contained verses from the Qur'an that were engraved on the coins according to the beliefs of the rulers and the people of the region, as well as titles of coin owners. Therefore, by considering these expressions, we can understand the thoughts and intentions of the rulers and their status among the people and high-ranking officials. One of the main questions of this research is, "What were the general features of Layla b. Nu‘mān's dirham design like (minted in Neishabur in 309 A.H.)?" Also, "How can the events of that era be reconstructed by using inscribed writings, such as verses, titles, etc. on this dirham?" In addition to introducing this distinguished coin, this article aims to reconstruct and introduce the causes of some of the events of that time with the help of numismatic data along with historical texts, with the approach of perceptual archeology and historical approach.